Do you know what vaccines are for cats and kittens, at what age should you put them and what diseases do they protect? Keep on reading to know everything.
The vaccines are fundamental to take care of the health of our mascot. With them, we prevent and avoid viral and bacterial diseases that, in some cases, can be fatal. Cat vaccines are an essential preventative treatment that prepares your immune system to deal with different infections.
Vaccines are created to help fight diseases by administering a small part of the virus, bacteria or microorganism. By introducing this attenuated or inactivated substance into the organism, we can produce the necessary defense antibodies to fight the disease, if contracted. The doses of cat vaccines are completely safe and must be done at the right time to guarantee protection.
The first vaccination should be done after weaning, when the kitten is about 2 months old. And, what about your protection until then? Do not worry. During breastfeeding, the mother provides them with the necessary immunological defenses through their milk.
After 7 weeks of life, the immunity that passes through the mother begins to disappear, so we must start their first vaccines. Until you have vaccinated, you should not go outside or interact with other cats to avoid possible diseases. Although they have not been given as much relevance as dogs, vaccines for cats are equally important because the diseases they can contract are much more serious and have a worse diagnosis; in some of them, there is not even treatment.
Before vaccinating our kitten, we must deworm about a month and a half. In addition, you must do a test for leukemia and immunodeficiency before vaccination to know if they are carriers. This would be a suitable vaccine calendar for cats from an early age:
The trivalent vaccine is the most important because it protects against three diseases. The other vaccines for cats are considered optional, although recommended, according to the criteria of your veterinarian and the area in which you live, as they can be risky or compulsory. In turn, the leukemia vaccine is essential to protect cats that go outside and are related to other cats.
Annually you must revaccinate your cat to guarantee its protection against diseases. This time, only one dose of each is vaccinated to maintain its active effects for another year. So, vaccines for adult cats would be:
Remember to check the laws of each country or community to know which vaccines are optional and which are mandatory, in addition to consulting your veterinarian what is best for your cat.
If you just adopted a healthy adult cat that has not been vaccinated, your immune system is already well developed and you do not need several doses of vaccines either. Of course, it is important to perform a test of leukemia and feline immunodeficiency, first to confirm that it is healthy and, secondly, because we should never vaccinate from leukemia if the cat is already a carrier.
Feline panleukopenia: similar to parvovirus in dogs and fatal in more than 80% of kittens and 40% of adult cats. It produces a decrease in white blood cells, decay, weakness, dehydration, vomiting and diarrhea. In addition, it is very contagious.
Rhinotracheitis: contagious respiratory disease with symptoms of sneezing, mucus and eye secretions.
Calcivirus : respiratory disease similar to influenza.
Leukemia: deadly and highly contagious disease that affects the immune system and produces tumors in different organs.
Rage: is mortal and is transmitted to the human through the bite.
Feline immunodeficiency (FIV): similar to human HIV. There is a vaccine for cats with this disease, but its effectiveness is not fully demonstrated and is not always recommended. Although there is no cure, its treatment ensures that the cat remains stable and has a good quality of life for many years.
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP): incurable and fatal disease, although uncommon in home cats. The PIF vaccine is administered nasally and also has doubtful efficacy, which is why many veterinarians discourage it.